Timeline results for 1770 to 1899

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  1. French Captain Nicholas Baudin and the English navigator Matthew Flinders meet at the South Australian border near Victor Harbor. Baudin had orders to study Aboriginal people for the new science of anthropology just founded in Paris. Many such drawings are now in a collection in Le Havre, France.


  1. Tasmania is occupied by white people. The Black Wars of Tasmania last until 1830 and claim the lives of 600 Aboriginal people and more than 200 white settlers.


  1. Most of the Cumberland Plain west of Sydney is occupied by colonists. The Eora people are being dispossessed of their land.

  2. William Moree, a lieutenant of the New South Wales Rum Corps, orders to open fire at Risdon Cove, Tasmania, on a group of about 300 Aboriginal people who are probably hunting kangaroos. Between 30 and 60 Aboriginal people are killed. The Lieutenant tries to cover-up the incident, claiming only 3 had been shot.

    Hostilities increase – the slaughter of Aboriginal people in Australia has begun. Settlers are authorised to shoot unarmed Aboriginal people.


  1. Aboriginal people begin to be moved onto mission stations where they can be taught European beliefs and used as cheap labour. Settlers try to control growth of the Aboriginal population with a policy of absorption.


  1. Bennelong, aged 50, dies at Kissing Point, Putney, NSW, on the banks of the Parramatta River.

  2. Colonists, assisted by Aboriginal people, cross the Blue Mountains and create new hostilities as they pass through Aboriginal lands. The path the colonists take is in fact a long-established Aboriginal route that had been in constant use for thousands of years.

    Blue Mountains at Echo Point
    Blue Mountains, New South Wales. The Blue Mountains were long a barrier to the new colony’s expansion to the west. They are about 100 kilometres west of Sydney.


  1. Governor Macquarie opens a school for Aboriginal children at Parramatta called the ‘Native Institution’ to “civilise, educate and foster habits of industry and decency in the Aborigines”. The local Aboriginal people (Koori) remove their children from the school after they realise that its aim is to distance the children from their families and communities. The school closes in 1820.


  1. Governor Macquarie founds the Native Institute as a school for Aboriginal children of both sexes.

  2. Remnants of the Broken Bay Aboriginal people are established on a reserve at George’s Head.


  1. Attacks on farms by Aboriginal people on the edge of Sydney. Macquarie sends a punitive party to arrest ‘offenders’. They attack a camp near Appin at night and 14 Aboriginal people are killed including Carnabyagal.

  2. Passports or certificates are issued to Aboriginal people “who conduct themselves in a suitable manner”, to show they are officially accepted by Europeans.

  3. Macquarie announces a set of regulations controlling the movement of Aboriginal people. No Aboriginal person is to appear armed within a mile of any settlement and no more than six Aboriginal people are allowed to ‘lurk or loiter near farms’.


  1. There are a number of large scale killings as conflict over dispossession of land and erosion of hunting rights continues.

  2. Windradyne leads Wiradjuri resistance that will last for two years along the Murray River.


  1. In Tasmania, Governor Arthur also proclaims martial law, in effect, a declaration of war. Soldiers have the right to arrest or shoot any Aboriginal person found in the settled district.

  2. Conflict

    Martial law is proclaimed in the Bathurst area when seven Europeans are killed by Aboriginal people led by Aboriginal man Windradyne, and conflict with them is seen as a serious threat. Soldiers, mounted police, settlers and stockmen frequently attack Aboriginal people. As many as 100 are killed in a massacre at Bathurst. Martial law stops in December. This conflict became known as the “Bathurst War”.


  1. A colony is set up in Perth, on the south-west coast of Australia.


  1. Aboriginal people in Tasmania are forcibly removed and settled on Flinders Island. The living conditions lead to many deaths. Later the community is moved to Cape Barren Island.

  2. Port Phillip District Wars rage in Victoria (then administered by New South Wales and known as Port Phillip district) from 1830 to 1850. The Indigenous Koorie population resists the large influx of immigrants and settlers who bring large herds of sheep and cattle into the state.


View article sources (2)

[1] 'Blood On The Wattle', Bruce Elder, 2002 p.32f
[2] New South Wales Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Education & Training Directory, 1998, pp.8-9

Cite this page

Korff, J 2024, Timeline results for 1770 to 1899, <https://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/timeline/searchResults?page=2&q=&category=any&yearFrom=1770&yearTo=1899>, retrieved 25 July 2024

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