Native title is a term used to express that Indigenous Australians are entitled to land which had been given to white occupiers. Legislation requires Aboriginal people to prove that they had a continuous ownership with the land they can claim under the act (which often proved difficult).
This act was a response to the Mabo High Court decision. Native title can co-exist with non-Indigenous proprietary rights and in some cases different indigenous groups can exercise their native title over the same land.
The Act was extensively amended in 1998 following another High Court decision about native title (Wik, 1996), which confirmed that native title rights and interests may exist over land which is or has been subject to a pastoral lease.
The Act establishes the National Native Title Tribunal and governs how native title is dealt with across Australia.
Read more about Native Title.
|26||1972||Tent Embassy established in front of Parliament House, Canberra|
|5||1972||Tent Embassy Petition to Parliament|
|8||1972||Woodward Land Rights Inquiry established|
|12||1965||The Freedom Ride bus leaves Sydney for country NSW.|
|13||2008||National Apology Day: Prime Minister Kevin Rudd apologised to the Stolen Generations in 2008.|
|19||On National Close the Gap Day, first organised in 2006, organisations come together to improve the health of Aboriginal people. Close the Gap day is an opportunity for organisations and community to hold events and raise awareness of the Aboriginal health crisis.|
Harmony Day, which started in 1999, celebrates Australia’s cultural diversity. It’s about inclusiveness, respect and a sense of belonging for everyone. It coincides the United Nations International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. See also www.harmony.gov.au
|23||2005||Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) abolished|
|1||1897||Resistance leader Jandamarra killed in WA|
|5||1997||“Bringing Them Home” Stolen Generations Report|
|15||1991||Aboriginal Deaths in Custody Royal Commission Report|
|1||1946||Pilbara Aboriginal Stockmen’s strike, WA|
|8||1997||Wik ‘10-Point-Plan’ announced|
National Sorry Day Reconciliation Week starts.
National Sorry Day is a day to remember the removal of Aboriginal children from their families. A chance for all Australians to recognise the pain thousands of Aboriginal people went through. The children affected are now known as the Stolen Generations.
The first ‘Sorry Day’ in 1998 was marked by hundreds of activities around the country. The Australian federal government does not take part in ‘Sorry Day’, saying people who removed Aboriginal children thought they were doing the right thing and people now should not have to say sorry for what people did in the past. Over 1 million signatures in thousands of Sorry Books speak a different language.
Fact Since 2003 Aboriginal Canadians celebrate their National Day of Healing and Reconciliation (NDHR) also on May 26. Canadians chose the same day “to honour the Stolen Generation of Aboriginal Australians as well as the children who attended Indian Residential Schools in Canada” .
The anniversary of the 1967 Referendum recognises the 97% ‘yes’ vote in the Referendum of 1967. It changed the constitution to allow Aboriginal people to be counted in the census and to enable the Commonwealth government to make laws for Aboriginal people.
|27||1997||National Reconciliation Convention.|
|28||2000||250,000 people walk for reconciliation in Sydney|
|29||1992||Torres Strait Islander flag launched|
|30||1980||Tiwi receive title to Tiwi Islands|
Mabo Day celebrates the 1992 High Court decision that ruled in favour of Eddie Koiki Mabo and other claimants that their people had occupied the island of Mer in the Torres Strait prior to the arrival of the British. This historic decision effectively recognised the existence of Native Title rights and rejected the concept of ‘Terra Nullius’, which claimed Australia was a land belonging to no-one prior to British occupation.|
The day also marks the end of Reconciliation Week.
|4||2000||50,000 people walk for reconciliation in Brisbane|
|9||1838||Myall Creek Massacre, NSW|
|10||Myall Creek Massacre Memorial Ceremony, NSW|
|11||1988||Barunga Statement presented to Prime Minister Hawke|
|1||1871||Missionaries of the London Missionary Society arrive in the Torres Strait at Erub Island, introducing Christianity to the region. The Coming of the Light festival marks this important day for Torres Strait Islanders, who are mainly of Christian faith. They celebrate the day with cultural and religious activities.|
|2||1971||Evonne Goolangong Cawley wins Wimbledon|
|~5||NAIDOC Week is in the first week of July and celebrates the history, culture and achievements of Aboriginal people. NAIDOC originally stood for ‘National Aborigines and Islander Observance Committee’, which was responsible for organising national activities for NAIDOC Week. The acronym has now become the name for the week itself.|
|8||1998||Discriminatory Native Title amendments passed|
The Australian Aboriginal Flag was designed by artist Harold Thomas and first flown at Victoria Square in Adelaide, South Australia, on National Aborigines Day, 12 July 1971.
The Torres Strait Islander Flag was designed by the late Bernard Namok in 1992 as a symbol of unity and identity for Torres Strait Islanders.
After a period of public consultation, in July 1995 both flags were proclaimed a ‘Flag of Australia’ by the Australian government.
|23||2000||25,000 walk for reconciliation in Hobart|
National Aboriginal and Islander Children’s Day (NAICD) officially started by the Secretariat of National Aboriginal and Islander Child Care (SNAICC) in 1988.
The day aims to focus on themes related to Aboriginal children like poverty, education access and pride in culture, and recognises their strengths and culture.
“We want [Aboriginal kids] to flourish, achieve their greatest potential and enjoy the same quality of life as all other Australian children,” says SNAICC chair Murial Blamblett .
See www.snaicc.asn.au for more information.
|9||1994||International Day of Indigenous Peoples. First declared by the United Nations in 1994, the day aims to strengthen international awareness and cooperation for solutions to the problems faced by aboriginal people in areas such as human rights, development, the environment, education and health.|
|14||1963||Bark Petition from Yirrkala to Parliament|
|16||1975||Return of land to Gurindji, NT|
|16-30||1928||Conniston Massacre, NT|
|18||1978||Tiwi Land Council established|
|24||1966||Gurindji walk-off, Wave Hill Station, NT|
|1||1998||Sea of Hands, Uluru|
|2||1991||Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation established|
|25||2000||Cathy Freeman’s Olympic Gold Medal|
|28||1983||John Pat dies in police custody. Each year, Aboriginal people remember his and other cases on John Pat Day with memorial services or protest marches.|
|NSW Aboriginal Rugby League Knockout on the first weekend in October (varying venues).|
|12||1997||First Sea of Hands, Canberra|
|26||1985||Uluru returned to traditional owners|
|28||1834||Battle of Pinjarra, WA|
|30||1975||Racial Discrimination Act takes effect|
|26||1986||Pope John Paul II addresses Aboriginal people in Alice Springs|
|2||2000||350,000 walk for reconciliation in Melbourne and Perth|
|4||2000||Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation Final Report|
|16||1976||Aboriginal Land Rights (NT) Act passed|
|23||1996||High Court Wik Native Title decision|