For most Aboriginal people spiritual beliefs are tied to a belonging to the land. Aboriginal spirituality mainly derives from the stories of the Dreaming, while Torres Strait Islanders draw upon the stories of the Tagai.
Aboriginal people are known to have occupied mainland Australia for at least 65,000 years. It is widely accepted that this predates the human settlement of Europe and the Americas.
Between 1910 and the 1970s, governments forcibly removed many Aboriginal children from their families as a result of various policies. The affected generations of children removed under these policies became known as the Stolen Generations.
Wetland grasses and reeds were (and often still are) used for weaving many kinds of baskets and fish traps. Both men and women traditionally made woven objects.
Black represents the Aboriginal people, yellow the sun, red the red earth and the red ochre used in ceremonies.
On 26 January 1788 the First Fleet of British ships arrived at Port Jackson, New South Wales, and Governor Arthur Phillip raised the British flag at Sydney Cove.