- Percentage of Aboriginal Australians aged 15-64 who were employed in 2009 . Same figure in 2002: 48% .
- Percentage of employees in Australia in 2011 who were Aboriginal .
- Unemployment rate of Aboriginal people in 2009, more than three times the rate for all Australians . Same figure in 2008: 16.6% , in 2002: 23% , in 1994: 31% .
- Percentage of Aboriginal employees at lower salary levels. Same rate for all employees: 48% .
- Percentage of Aboriginal employees at upper salary levels. Same rate for all employees: 10.4% .
- Percentage of Aboriginal people in 2008 whose main source of personal income was CDEP payments, government pensions or allowances. Same figure in 2002: 60.9% .
- Percentage of the Western Australian Pilbara population who identifies as Aboriginal .
- Percentage of Aboriginal businesses in the Pilbara. The Aboriginal unemployment rate in that region is 50% .
- Percentage of public sector agencies with more than 100 empolyees where Aboriginal employment equals, or is higher than, their population share. Same figure in 2009: 12% .
- Unemployment rate gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in 2009 .
- Survival rate of Aboriginal businesses in 2011 after one year of operation, after 2 years: 81%, after 3 years: 73% .
- Estimated total size of the native title wealth market in 2014, tipped to quadruple in the next few years .
List of linked articles
Many Aboriginal people have inadequate financial literacy. They need help with managing money and using ATMs properly.
Aboriginal economy: Can it catch up through mining?
For too long Aboriginal economic participation was limited.
Australia’s mining boom opens a unique opportunity for Aboriginal economy to catch up—if it’s done the right way.
Aboriginal employment, jobs & careers
Aboriginal unemployment rates are 3 times the non-Aboriginal rates. Some web-based services exclusively list Aboriginal jobs.
Successful Aboriginal business? You bet!
Aboriginal businesses are equally successful as any other. But they have one unique advantage when it comes to overcoming challenges.
Internet access in Aboriginal communities
The Internet is yet to make a difference in remote Aboriginal communities. Very few people there own a computer and even fewer are connected.
From the late 1800s until the 1970s Aboriginal workers were for all intents and purposes enslaved. They were denied access to their wages which in many cases were simply stolen by corrupt officials and employers. It locked them into a cycle of poverty.
Governments and churches have made it difficult to access records and there is a general reluctance to pay the monies withheld.
List of short articles
The trouble of bringing parties together
In business, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal parties have a history of not trusting each other.
“Historically we have encountered a perceived lack of good governance that has held back some banks and other financiers from getting involved because of the fear working with the blackfellas will all be just too difficult,” says Bruce Martin, chairman of organisation Aak Puul Ngantam (APN) Cape York. 
“And conversely lots of people within our community have been held back by concerns that every whitefella in the investment community is a snake oil salesman come to rip us off.”
Forming good mutual relationships is a prerequisite for economic development. About 20% of Australia’s land mass is owned under native title, a wealth market estimated to be worth $10 billion in 2014, and tipped to quadruple in the next few years .
Without closer ties to the banking and finance sector the economic development of Aboriginal communities continues to depend on decisions made in Canberra and not Aboriginal offices.
Consultation is key when doing business, even if you create an Aboriginal-themed product yourself.
Underwear manufacturer AussieBum had to learn this the hard way after an Australia Day underwear collection with Aboriginal imagery caused offence. The chief executive of AussieBum, Sean Ashby, promised his company would seek Aboriginal community consultation for future Aboriginal-themed collections.
Money must be made, not received
Dr Warren Mundine estimates that around a third of government funding for Aboriginal programs “doesn’t even make it past the front doors of office buildings” in Australia as it passes through several layers of bureaucracy and other administration .
But avoiding bureaucracy is not an option either, he says.
“Poverty isn’t solved by giving communities money. Poverty is solved by economic development, by communities making money.”
An economic pathway which starts with education, leading to jobs and being able to participate in business and commerce is my idea of a real future for Indigenous Australians and importantly the means to participate in the mainstream economy.—Ron Morony, General Manager Indigenous Business Australia 
How Aboriginal people helped build Australia
If it wasn’t for the many Aboriginal people who helped the first settlers, Australia would have been developed in a much longer time.
There were numerous challenges to overcome for the white people, and Aboriginal experts helped them in all of them:
- Crossing mountains. The Darug people’s local knowledge helped Archibald Bell find access to the Blue Mountains (NSW) along Bilpin Ridge, now the location of Bells Line of Road. 
- Crossing rivers. There weren’t any bridges across rivers which could flood, and settlers didn’t often know how to swim. Entrepreneurial Aboriginal people knew how to sell their know-how and their navigational skills to get them from one point of the river to the other. They used their bark canoes to transport goods and people, including surveyors and explorers, stock, feed and food. 
- Transport. Aboriginal elder Bryon Powell recounts that the Victorian gold rush depended upon Aboriginal people assisting with transport. “If it wasn’t for my family, my old people, the gold rush probably would not have happened and the miners would not have survived,” Mr Powell said. 
- Navigation. Aboriginal people possessed extensive knowledge of the environment in terms of navigation.
- Survival. Aboriginal people knew how to manage the landscape in times of disaster, such as flood, fire and famine, and how to construct shelter. Numerous explorers and settlers owe their lives to the expertise of Aboriginal guides. For example, when in 1852 a terrible flood overwhelmed the town of Gundagai, 390 kms south-west of Sydney, two Wiradjuri men saved almost 70 people over 30 hours using their bark canoes. 
They really helped settle the newcomers in the new land; they contributed in many ways and that contribution hasn't really been recognised.—Dr David 'Fred' Cahir, historian and Associate Professor in Aboriginal Studies 
In a really crucial way, Aboriginal people were part of the foundation and the mapping out of Victoria as we know it today.—Lucinda Horrocks, filmmaker 
Documentary: Seeing the Land from an Aboriginal Canoe
This short documentary film film, made by Lucinda Horrocks and Jary Nemo, explores the little known contribution Aboriginal people made in colonial times by guiding people and stock across the river systems of Victoria.
Can you answer?
Question: Why can you sell a standard washing machine to an Aboriginal person in Western Sydney, but should not in Toomelah?
Aboriginal people living in urban areas, such as Western Sydney, use tap water which works well with washing machines. But many remote communities, such as Toomelah, rely on bore water which calcifies the pipes and ruins washing machines.
In the NRMA’s Open Road magazine I came across the following statistics: Aboriginal people make up 2% of eligible drivers, but only half a per cent of actual drivers. NRMA CEO Rohan Lund finds this has “a big impact on employment”.