Sport

Aboriginal cricket teams

Aboriginal people played cricket from as early as 1868 and have travelled to England three times.

‘The Invincibles’

In the 1880s at New Norcia, a Catholic Benedictine Mission 200 kilometres north of Perth, Aboriginal people were not only trained in sheep shearing and blacksmithing, they were also introduced to the game of cricket, which would catapult them to fame as an outstanding team. [6]

The mission’s occupants witnessed cricket being played on their trips to Perth during the wool season, and back at New Norcia they made bats and balls and played among themselves. Father Rosendo Salvado, who had founded the mission in the 1870s, recognised their prowess, and with support from a wealthy landholder the players were outfitted and trained, and thrashed white teams in Freemantle, Perth and beyond.

Their brilliant wins by huge margins would earn them the nickname ‘The Invincibles’, and they would continue to perform superbly in the 1880, 1881, 1882 and 1886 cricket seasons against the Metropolitan Cricket Club, Fremantle, Guildford, York and teams from the Victoria Plains.

Their history has been documented by Bob Reece, a Murdoch University historian, in his work The Invincibles: New Norcia’s Aboriginal Cricketers, 1879-1906.

1868 tour

As cricket’s popularity in 1868 increased, a non-Indigenous man by the name of Charles Lawrence decided to band together an all-Indigenous team of Aboriginal men from lands of western Victoria, believing that their traditional abilities would make them outstanding cricketers [1]. It played its first game at Manly Oval, a Prime Minister’s XI, led by Bob Hawke [2].

Charles Lawrence then decided the team to tour England, a journey that started on 8 February 1868 and took them over six weeks by boat. Led by star all-rounder Johnny Mullagh (Unaarrimin), they won 14, lost 14 and drew 19 of their 47 games over six months.

The Aboriginal cricketers’ journey to England in 1868 was the first sports team to represent Australia overseas, 14 years before the first Ashes tour. It created the beginnings of what is now considered the greatest battle in modern cricket—the battle for the Ashes.

In 2002 the team was inducted into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame.

The team of 1868
Player numberTraditional nameEuropean name
AUS 1ArrahmunyarrimunPeter
AUS 2BallrinjarriminSundown
AUS 3BonnibarngeetTiger
AUS 4BrimbunyahRed Cap
AUS 5BripumyarriminKing Cole
AUS 6BullchanachBullocky
AUS 7n/aCharles Lawrence (captain/coach)
AUS 8GrongarrongMosquito
AUS 9Jarrawuk (Murrumgunarrimin)Two Penny
AUS 10JumgumjenanukeDick-a-Dick
AUS 11LyterjerbillijunJim Crow
AUS 12PripumuarramanCharles Dumas
AUS 13UnaarriminJohnny Mullagh
AUS 14YellanachJohnny Cuzens

Source: [5]

1988 tour

In 1988 a 17-member Aboriginal Cricket Association team celebrated the 120th anniversary of the tour by travelling to England. Captained by John Maquire the team played 28 games, winning 16 of them. They met the Queen at Buckingham Palace and went backstage at an INXS concert.

2009 tour

In 2009 a squad of 14 Aboriginal players aged 16-26 left Brisbane, Queensland, on 20 June to retrace some of the famous 1868 tour. They played 11 matches within a month, some at the grounds where the tourists of 141 years ago visited.

This time the Indigenous cricket team won 8, lost 3 and drew 1 of their 12 games.

The documentary From The Ashes traces the journey of two members of the 2009 team, Worrin Williams and Cameron Trask.

In the 132 years sinced the first Test match was played, Jason Gillespie is the only Indigenous player to have represented Australia at cricket [3].

It's only a matter of time before Indigenous people make their mark in first-class cricket, particularly with the popularity of Twenty/20.—Dan Christian, Aboriginal cricketer [4]

Fact There are 13,000 registered Aboriginal cricketers across Australia. That figure, however, pales against the thousands of Aboriginal footballers in Australian rules or rugby league.

Faith Thomas: Australia’s first Aboriginal test cricketer

In 1958 Faith Coulthard Thomas became the first Aboriginal woman to represent Australia in any sport. In 2015, aged 83, she visited Aboriginal cricket’s Imparja Cup in Alice Springs to inspire the next generation of Aboriginal players.

Footnotes

View article sources (6)

[1] 'From the Ashes', ABC1, 14/3/2010 1:30pm
[2] 'Documentary now on DVD', Koori Mail 467 p.75
[3] 'Raising the profile', Koori Mail 454 p.81
[4] 'Yarning with Dan Christian', Koori Mail 454 p.80
[5] '1868 cricket pioneers honoured', Koori Mail 451 p.79
[6] 'Cricket bats and Christ on Aboriginal missions', ABC 17/4/2015

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Aboriginal culture - Sport - Aboriginal cricket teams, retrieved 19 November 2017