Language

How many Aboriginal language speakers are left?

An overview of the number of speakers for selected Aboriginal languages.

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Aboriginal language speakers

The tables below gives the number of speakers for Aboriginal languages as recorded in the 2006 Census [1].

Note: Present figures may vary for several reasons:

  • Different criteria for speakerhood. Some Aboriginal people identify as a 'speaker' just because they belong to that language group and use some of its words in an overall context of speaking Aboriginal English.
  • Identifying with a language no longer spoken. Similarly, Aboriginal people might identify as a 'speaker' although the language is no longer spoken.
  • Not giving information. Some traditional language speakers might choose not to share information relating to their cultural language practices when responding to the census survey. More than 8% in the 2006 census gave no further details than "Australian Indigenous Language". [2]
  • Language revitilisation projects. Language revitalisation and preservation programs can bring back formerly 'extinct' languages, so the current number of speakers is higher than the number reported in the census.

Fact There were more speakers of Polish, Macedonian and German in Australia in 2001 than speakers of Aboriginal languages. [3]

Click on the table headings to sort by name or number of speakers.

Australian Capital Territory (ACT)

Language Number of speakers
Canberra language 0
Gundungurra 0
Ngarigu 8
Ngunawal 0
Walgalu 0

New South Wales (NSW)

Language Number of speakers
Awabakal 0
Baanbay 0
Badjiri 0
Barababaraba 0
Barranbinya 1
Bidawal 0
Bigambul 0
Biriin 0
Birpai 0
Bulali 0
Bundjalung 95
Burrgadi 0
Casino 0
Dadi Dadi 0
Darkinyung 0
Dhanggati 4
Dharamba 0
Dharawal 0
Dharug 0
Dhurga 0
Dinggabal 0
Djirringany 0
Enneewin 0
Eora 0
Galibal 0
Gambalamam 0
Gamilaraay 37
Gathang 0
Gawambaraay 0
Geawegal 0
Githabul 20
Gumbaynggir 33
Gundungerre 0
Gundungurra 0
Guringay 0
Guyinbaraay 0
Hawkesbury River-Broken Bay language 0
Jabulajabula 0
Jari Jari 0
Jeithi 0
Karenggapa 0
Ku-ring-gai 0
Kungakuri 0
Kuntakuri 0
Kureinji 0
Kurnu 0
Ladji Ladji 0
Malyangapa 0
Mambangura 0
Manaldjahli 0
Marawara 0
Marbal 0
Milpulo 0
Minjungbal 0
Muruwari 3
Mutti Mutti / Muthi Muthi 0
Naaualko 0
Nari Nari 0
Nerang Creek dialect 0
Ngaku 0
Ngambaa 0
Nganduwal 0
Nganyaywana 0
Ngarabal 0
Ngarahngwal 0
Ngarbal 0
Ngarigu 8
Ngiyampaa 4
Ngunawal 0
Nuntukuri 0
Nyangbal 0
Paakantyi 22
Paaruntyi 0
Pantyikali 0
Parrintyi 0
Purukuri 0
Southern Paakantyi 0
Thangkaali 0
Thawa 0
Thinuntu 0
Waalubal 0
Wadi Wadi 0
Wadigali 0
Walbanga 0
Walgalu 0
Wangaaypuwan 4
Wanyiwalku 0
Wayilwan 4
Wehlubal 0
Weki Weki 0
Wemba Wemba 3
Widjabal 0
Wilyakali 0
Wiradjuri 102
Wiriyaraay 0
Wirraayaraay 0
Wiyabal 0
Wonnarua 0
Worimi 2
Yandruwandha 0
Yardliyawara 0
Yaygir 2
Yirawirung 0
Yitha Yitha 0
Yorta Yorta 21
Yugambal 0
Yuungay 0
Yuwaalaraay 7
Yuwaalayaay 0
Yuyu 0

Northern Territory (NT)

Language Number of speakers
Akarre 0
Alawa 12
Alyawarr 1664
Amurdak 0
Anindilyakwa 1283
Anmatyerre 1002
Antekerrepenh 0
Arrernte 2835
Balmbi 0
Bararrngu 0
Bararrpararr 0
Bayimbarr 0
Bilamandyi 0
Bilinarra 18
Binbinga 0
Bindararr 0
Bininj Gun-wok 0
Birdingal 0
Birrkili 0
Bugurnidja 0
Bularnu 0
Bunanatjini 0
Bural Bural 0
Buralka 0
Burarra 0
Burarra 1074
Burdinmanduwij 0
Buwarpuwar 0
Dabi 0
Dagoman 0
Dalabon 15
Darmarmiri 0
Datiwuy 21
Dhalwangu 53
Dhamarrangdji 0
Dhangu 276
Dhapuyngu 0
Dhay'yi 175
Dhaygurrgurr 0
Dhidhani 0
Dhuwal 0
Dhuwala 321
Dhuwaya 326
Djadiwitjibi 0
Djambarrpuyngu 2766
Djangu 0
Djapu 46
Djarrwark 0
Djimbilirri 0
Djinang 229
Djinba 53
Durilji 0
Eastern Gurindji 0
Eastern Mudburra 0
Eastern Ngarinyman 0
Emmi 0
Erre 0
Gaagudju 0
Galduyh 0
Galpu 167
Ganalbingu 44
Garig 0
Garmalangga 0
Garrwa 87
Gidjurra 0
Giimbiyu 0
Giwajbem 0
Golpa 0
Golumala 6
Gonbudj 0
Gulunggor 0
Gumadir 0
Gumatj 236
Gumunggurdu 0
Gun-narda 0
Gun-narta 0
Gun-nartpa 6
Gundjeihmi 7
Gunguluwala 0
Gunindiri 0
Gupapuyngu 251
Gurdanji 0
Gurindji 592
Gurrgoni 0
Gurrigurri 0
Gurriyindi 0
Guyamirrilili 0
Guyula 0
Ilgar 0
Iwaidja 134
Jaminjung 12
Jawoyn 42
Jingulu 43
Jiyil 0
Kamu 0
Karrangpurru 0
Kartangarurru 0
Kaytetye 145
Kerniyn'mi 0
Kriol 4213
Kukatja 0
Kunbarlang 19
Kundedjnjenghmi 0
Kune 40
Kungarakany 0
Kuninjku 88
Kunwinjku 915
Kuwarranyji 0
Kuwema 0
Lamamirri 0
Larrakia 29
Lhetburrirt 0
Limilngan 0
Liyagalawumirr 56
Liyagawumirr 0
Lower Arrernte 0
Luritja 1480
Lurlmarangu 0
Madarrpa 0
Magati Ke 0
Makarrwanhalmirr 0
Malak Malak 37
Malarbardjuradj 0
Malarra 0
Malngin 9
Manadya / Manaidja 0
Manangkarri 0
Mangarrayi 15
Manggalili 5
Manggurra 0
Manyarring 0
Manyarring 0
Manydjalpingu 0
Maranunggu 0
Mariyedi 0
Marra 58
Marrabanggu 0
Marrakulu 0
Marramaninyshi 0
Marrangu 11
Marranj 0
Marranumbu 0
Marrgu 0
Marri Amu 0
Marri Ngarr 8
Marri Tjevin 0
Marridan 0
Marrithiyel 6
Marungun 0
Matngele 0
Mawng 261
Mayali 173
Mengerrdji 0
Menthe 0
Mikiri-nganha 0
Mildjingi 0
Minginggiri 0
Mudburra 47
Mukngirru 0
Munggurrpi 0
Munyuku 0
Murrinh-kura 0
Murrinh-patha 1832
Murrinhdiminin 0
Nakkara 51
Ndjebbana 241
Ngaduk 0
Ngaladu 0
Ngalakgan 3
Ngalarrunga 0
Ngaliwurru 117
Ngaliya 0
Ngan'gikurunggurr 182
Ngan'gimerri 0
Ngan'gityemerri 0
Ngan'giwumirri 0
Ngandi 9
Nganwirlang 0
Ngardawuli 0
Ngardilpa 0
Ngarinyman 354
Ngarla'mi 0
Ngarnga 0
Ngaymil 0
Ngomburr 0
Ngorrkgowo 0
Ngurruwula 0
Nhangu 0
Nundjulbi / Nundyurrpi 0
Nungali 0
Nunggubuyu 109
Nungudulpuy 0
Nyekuymirri 0
Nyiwanawu 0
Patjtjamalh 0
Pintupi 203
Pitjantjatjara 2657
Pungupungu 0
Raijang 0
Ralwia 0
Rembarrnga 38
Rirratjingu 0
Ritharrngu 32
Tiwi 1716
Umbugarla 0
Urningangk 0
Urrirrk 0
Uwinymil 0
Waanyi 0
Wadda 0
Wagilak 0
Wagiman 0
Wakaya 0
Wakirti Warlpiri 0
Walamangu 0
Walmapuy 0
Walu 0
Wambaya 88
Wandangbag 0
Wangkamanha 0
Wangurri 47
Wardaman 89
Warlmanpa 48
Warlpiri 2507
Warnayaka 0
Warndarrang 0
Warramirri 0
Warray 0
Warrmarla 0
Warumungu 307
Wawulya 0
Wenamba 0
Western Desert Language 0
Western Mudburra 0
Wilingura 0
Wora 0
Wubulkarra 7
Wulwulam 0
Wuna 0
Wurdang 0
Wurlaki 46
Wurlayi 0
Wurrugu 0
Wutjara 0
Yan-nhangu 7
Yangman 0
Yanyuwa 129
Yarlpiri 0
Yiduwa 0
Yugul 0
Yunggor 0

Queensland (QLD)

Gureng

Language Number of speakers
Adithinngithigh 0
Adyinuri 0
Aghu-tharnggala 0
Agwamin 0
Alngith 0
Alodja 0
Alungul 0
Andjingith 0
Andooyomo 0
Angkamuthi 0
Angkula 0
Anguthimri 0
Antekerrepenh 0
Areba 0
Aritinngithigh 0
Atampaya 0
Awngthim 0
Ayabadhu 0
Ayerrerenge 0
Badjiri 0
Barada 0
Barna 0
Barrow Point 0
Barunggam 0
Bayali 0
Bidjara 0
Bidjara 12
Bindal 0
Biri 4
Biyay 0
Biyay 0
Bularnu 0
Buluguyban 0
Bulway 0
Bundjil 0
Butchulla 7
Buyibara 0
China Camp 0
Coastal Lamalama 0
Coonambella 0
Dalla 0
Darumbal 0
Dhalundhirr 0
Dhidhani 0
Dhiraila 0
Djabugay 28
Djagaraga 0
Djagunda 0
Djiru 4
Doodj 0
Dulgubarra Mamu 1
Dungibara 0
Duungidjawu 0
Dyirbal 0
Dyirribarra Mamu 1
Flinders Island Language 0
Gabalbara 0
Galibal 0
Gambilbarra Dyirrbal 0
Gambuwal 0
Ganggalida 4
Gangulu 0
Ganulu 0
Garendala 0
Garingbal 0
Garumngar 0
Gawambaraay 0
Gayiri 0
Geynyan 0
Giabal 0
Girramay 28
Giya 0
Goeng Goeng 0
Gubbi Gubbi 4
Gudabal 0
Gudang 0
Gudjal 5
Gugu Badhun 4
Gugu Bididji 0
Gugu Buyunji 0
Gugu Dhaw 0
Gugu Djangun 0
Gugu Gai Gai 0
Gugu Gulunggur 0
Gugu Mini 0
Gugu Nyiguudyi 0
Gugu Nyungkul 0
Gugu Rarmul 0
Gugu Tungay 0
Gugu Wakura 4
Gugu Warra 0
Gugu Yawa 0
Gulngay 4
Guluy 0
Gundara 0
Gungabula 0
Gungadidji 0
Gunggari 4
Gunggay 0
Gunya 0
Gureng1
Guugu Yimidhirr 783
Guwa 0
Guwamu 0
Guwar 0
Guwinmal 0
Guyambal 0
Ikarranggal 0
Indjilandji 0
Inland Lamalama 0
Jagara 0
Jandai 0
Jangrala 0
Jarowair 0
Jirrbal 0
Kaanju 6
Kala Lagaw Ya 1216
Kalali 0
Kalaw Kawaw Ya 1216
Kalkatungu 0
Kapula 0
Karangura 0
Karanya 0
Karenggapa 0
Karunbara 0
Karuwali 6
Kawalgaw Ya 0
Kayardild 25
Kirka 0
Kogai 0
Kok-kaper 101
Kok Wap 0
Kokiny 0
Koko Babangk 0
Koko Beberam 0
Kriol 4213
Kugu Mangk 0
Kugu My'inh 0
Kugu Muminh 0
Kugu Nganhcara 0
Kugu Ugbanh 0
Kugu Uwanh 0
Kugu Yi'anh 0
Kukatj 0
Kuku Jakandji 0
Kuku Thaypan 0
Kuku Yalaja 0
Kuku Yalanji 360
Kulkalgaw Ya 0
Kungakuri 0
Kungkari 0
Kunjen 0
Kunkalanya 0
Kuntakuri 0
Kurtjar 0
Kuthant 0
Kuuk Thaayorre 24
Kuuk Yak 0
Kuuku Iyu 0
Kuuku Ya'u 13
Kuuku Yani 0
Ladamngid 0
Lamalama 20
Lardil 50
Linngithigh 0
Luthigh 0
Madjay 0
Maiawali 0
Mambangura 0
Mamngayt 0
Mandalgu 0
Mandandanji 5
Margany 0
Marrago 0
Marrett River Language 0
Marulta 0
Marunuda 0
Mayi-kulan 0
Mayi-kutuna 0
Mayi-thakurti 0
Mayi-yali 0
Mayi-yapi 0
Mbabaram 1
Mbara 0
Mbeiwum 0
Meriam Mir 212
Mingin 0
Minjungbal 0
Minkabari 0
Mithaka 0
Miyan 0
Moondjan 0
Morrobalama 0
Mpakwithi 0
Mpalitjanh 0
Mulgu 0
Muluridji 0
Muralidban 0
Muruwari 3
Mutyanthi 0
Nalbo 0
Ndra'ngith 0
Ndrangith 0
Ndwa'ngith 0
Ngadhugudi 0
Ngadjan 0
Ngananhina 0
Ngandangara 0
Ngaro 0
Ngawun 1
Ngaygungu 0
Ngkoth 0
Nguburindi 0
Nguri 0
Nguwera 0
Nhawalgaba 0
0
Nuntukuri 0
Nyagali 0
Nyawaygi 5
Nyuwadhay 0
Ogh Awarrangg 0
Ogh Igadj 0
Ogh Undjan 0
Olkola 0
Oykangand 0
Pakanh 0
Parlpakurnu 0
Parlpamardramardra 0
Parnkarra 0
Pirriya 0
Pitta Pitta 0
Punthamara 0
Purukuri 0
Rakaya 0
Rakiwara 0
Rimanggudinhma 0
Ringu Ringu 0
Tableland Lamalama 0
Tagalaka 2
Taribelang 5
Teppathiggi 0
Thayem 0
Thaynakwith 6
Thayunhth 0
Thinuntu 0
Tjungundji 6
Tulua 0
Turubul 0
Umbindhamu 7
Umpila 0
Ungan 0
Ungawangadi 0
Uradhi 0
Utyangikwathiya 0
Uutaalnganu 0
Uw El 0
Uw Olem 0
Uyungkuthi 0
Waanyi 0
Wadigali 0
Wadjabangay 0
Wadjalang 0
Wadjingu 0
Waguurrga 0
Waka Waka 2
Wakabunga 0
Wakaman 0
Walangama 0
Walmalbarra 0
Waluwarra 7
Wamin 0
Wangan 0
Wangka-yutjuru 0
Wangkamanha 0
Wangkumara 2
Wanjurr(u) 0
Wantjika 0
Wapabara 0
Wargamay 6
Waribarra Mamu 0
Warungu 0
Western Ayapathu 0
Wik-keyangan 0
Wik Adinda 0
Wik Elken 0
Wik Epa 0
Wik Iyanh 0
Wik Me?nh 0
Wik Mungkan 1050
Wik Ngathan 0
Wik Ngatharr 0
Wik Ompom 0
Wik Paach 0
Wimarangga 0
Wiri 0
Wirray Wirray 0
Wulguru 0
Wulgurugaba 0
Wuli Wuli 0
Wulpura 0
Wunumura 0
Wurangung 0
Wuthathi 0
Yadhaykenu 0
Yagalingu 0
Yalarnnga 0
Yambina 0
Yanda 0
Yandjibara 0
Yandruwandha 0
Yanga 0
Yangga 0
Yangkaal 0
Yaraytyana 0
Yarluyandi 0
Yarrumada 0
Yatay 0
Yetimarala 0
Yidiny 140
Yilba 0
Yiman 0
Yiningay 0
Yinwum 0
Yir Yoront 0
Yirandali 0
Yirgay 0
Yirrk-thangalkl 0
Yugambeh 4
Yugarabul 0
Yumplatok 6042
Yumukuntyi 0
Yupangathi 2
Yuru 0
Yuwaalaraay 7

South Australia (SA)

Language Number of speakers
Adnyamathanha 107
Antakirinya 6
Arabana 21
Bindjali 0
Buandig 0
Dhirari 0
Diyari 13
Karangura 0
Kaurna 34
Kokatha 25
Kuyani 0
Lower Arrernte 0
Marawara 0
Mardidjali 0
Matja 0
Midlaliri 0
Mikiri-nganha 0
Narungga 24
Nauo 0
Ngadjuri 0
Ngalia 0
Ngamini 0
Ngananhina 0
Ngangurugu 0
Ngaralda 0
Ngarkat 0
Ngarrindjeri 159
Ngawait 0
Ngayawung 0
Ngintait 0
Ngulupulu 0
Ngurunta 0
Nhirrpi 0
Nukunu 0
Pantyikali 0
Parnkalla 0
Peramangk 0
Piltapalta 0
Pirladapa 0
Pitjantjatjara 2657
Portaulun 0
Ramindjeri 0
Tanganekald 0
Thangkaali 0
Wailpi 0
Wangkakupa 0
Wangkangurru 0
Wangkatyaka 0
Warki 0
Western Desert Language 0
Wilyakali 0
Wirangu 0
Yankunytjatjara 561
Yaraldi 0
Yardliyawara 0
Yawarrawarrka 0
Yirawirung 0

Tasmania (TAS)

Language Number of speakers
Ben Lomond 0
Big River 0
Cape Portland 0
Circular Head 0
Little Swanport 0
Macquarie Harbour 0
North-western Tasmania 0
North Midlands 0
Northern Tasmania 0
Oyster Bay 0
Piper River 0
Port Sorell 0
Robbins Island 0
South-eastern Tasmania 0
South-western Tasmania 0

Torres Strait Islands

Language Number of speakers
Kala Lagaw Ya 1216
Kalaw Kawaw Ya 1216
Kawalgaw Ya 0
Kulkalgaw Ya 0
Meriam Mir 212
Yumplatok 6042

Victoria (VIC)

Language Number of speakers
Barababaraba 0
Bewadjali 0
Bi:gwurrung 0
Bidawal 0
Bindjali 0
Boonwurrung 0
Brabralung 0
Braiakaulung 0
Brataualung 0
Buandig 0
Buibadjali 0
Dadi Dadi 0
Dhauwurd Wurrung 0
Dhudhuroa 0
Djabwurrung 0
Djadjala 0
Djadjawurrung 0
Djargurd Wurrong 0
Gadubanud 0
Gai Wurrung 0
Gulidjan 0
Gundungerre 0
Gunnai 21
Jabulajabula 0
Jagwadjali 0
Jardwadjali 0
Jari Jari 0
Keerray-woorroong 0
Knenknenwurrung 0
Koornkopanoot 0
Koort-kirrup 0
Krauatungulung 0
Ladji Ladji 0
Mardidjali 0
Minjambuta 0
Mootatunga 0
Ngarigu 8
Ngurai-illamwurrung 0
Nundadjali 0
Pinejunga 0
Pirtpirtwurrung 0
Polinjunga 0
Tanganekald 0
Tatungalung 0
Taungurung 0
Wadi Wadi 0
Wathawurrung 0
Waywurru 0
Weki Weki 0
Wemba Wemba 3
Wergaia 0
Wichintunga 0
Wirngilgnad Dhalinanong 0
Woiwurrung 0
Wotjobaluk 0
Wulluwurrung 0
Yorta Yorta 21

Western Australia (WA)

Language Number of speakers
Amangu 0
Andajin 0
Badimaya 5
Balardung 0
Banyjima 100
Bardi 152
Bibbulman 0
Broome Pearling Lugger Pidgin 0
Buluguda 0
Bundjuwanga 0
Bunggura 0
Bunuba 114
Cheangwa language 0
Dargudi 0
Djalgandi 0
Doolboong 0
Frazer Range 0
Gajerrong 0
Gambera 5
Giyug 0
Gooniyandi 418
Goreng 0
Gula 0
Gunin 0
Gurduwanga 0
Guwij 0
Ibarga 0
Inggarda 0
Jabirrjabirr 0
Jadira 0
Janadjina 0
Jaru 353
Jawi 0
Jiwarli 0
Jiyil 0
0
Jukun 0
Julbayi 0
Jurruru 0
Juwaliny 0
Kalaako 0
Kalaamaya 0
Kaniyang 0
Karajarri 28
Kariyarra 10
Kartujarra 26
Kija 206
Kiyajarra 0
Kriol 4213
Kukatja 447
Kuluwarrang 0
Kurajarra 0
Kurrama 0
Kuwarra 6
Maduwongga 0
Malgana 2
Malngin 9
Mandara 0
Mandjindja 0
Mangala 63
Mangu 0
Manjiljarra 170
Marangan 0
Marawa 0
Martu Wangka 649
Martuthunira 0
Maya 0
Mijaranypa 0
Minang 0
Miriwoong 208
Mirning 0
Miwa 0
Mudalga 0
Munumburu 0
Murunitja 0
Nakako 0
Natingero 0
Ngaanyatjarra 1000
Ngaatjatjara 0
Ngadawanga 0
Ngajumaya 5
Nganawongka 0
Ngardi 14
Ngarla 0
Ngarla 6
Ngarluma 32
Ngarnawu 0
Ngukaja 0
Ngumbarl 0
Ngurlipartu 0
Nhanda 2
Nhanhagardi 0
Nhugarn 0
Nhuwala 0
Nimanburru 0
Njangadjadjara 0
Nokaan 0
Noongar 232
Norseman 0
Nugara 0
Nyaki Nyaki 0
Nyamal 34
Nyanganyatjara 0
Nyangumarta 312
Nyardi 0
Nyikina 68
Nyininy 0
Nyiyaparli 3
Nyulnyul 0
Palyku 3
Pantikura 0
Payungu 0
Pililuna 0
Pindiini 0
Pinikura 0
Pinjarup 0
Pulinya 0
Purduna 0
Putijarra 0
Thalanyji 0
Tharrkari 0
Thiin 0
Thirrily 0
Tjapanmay 0
Tjeraridjal 0
Tjupany 5
Umiida 0
Ungarinyin 56
Unggarrangu 0
Unggumi 0
Wajarri 86
Wajuk 0
Walgi 0
Waljen 0
Walmajarri 518
Walyirli 0
Wangkajunga 0
Wangkatha 321
Wangkatja 0
Wanyjirra 0
Wardandi 0
Warnman 4
Warriyangka 0
Warrwa 0
Watjanmay 0
Watjanti 0
Wawarl 0
Wawula 0
Western Desert Language 0
Widi 0
Wiilman 0
Wilawila 0
Wilyara 0
Winyjarrumi 0
Wirdinya 0
Wirdjaragandja 0
Witjaari 0
Witukari 0
Wolyamidi 0
Worla 0
Worrorra 22
Wudjari 0
Wunambal 28
Yapurarra 0
Yawijibaya 0
Yawuru 6
Yiiji 0
Yindjibarndi 318
Yinhawangka 3
Yuat 0
Yulparija 19

References

View article sources (3)

[1] Data source: AUSTLANG - Australian Indigenous Languages Database, data retrieved 5/3/2016
[2] 'The People of Australia - Statistics from the 2006 Census', Department of Immigration and Citizenship, 2008, p.33
[3] '1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2006', Australian Bureau of Statistics, 20/01/2006, retrieved 12/3/2016

Harvard citation

Korff, J 2019, How many Aboriginal language speakers are left?, <https://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/language/how-many-aboriginal-language-speakers-are-left>, retrieved 20 March 2019

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