History

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1793

  1. Gnung-a Gnung-a Murremurgan (also known as Collins) crosses the Pacific to Nootka Sound (Vancouver), the Californian coast and Hawaii.

1795

  1. The Richmond Hill battle is considered to be the first recorded battle between Aboriginal people defending their country against the British.

  2. Aboriginal man Tom Rowley sails to Calcutta, Madras and New Ireland. He returns in 1796 to Australia.

1796

  1. After being shot seriously twice, and surviving both times, Pemulwuy is considered unable to be killed by bullets.

1799

  1. Beginning of a six-year period of resistance to white settlement by Aboriginal people in the Hawkesbury and Parramatta areas. Known as the ‘Black Wars’.

1801

  1. April

    Governor King orders Aboriginal people gathering around Parramatta, Georges River and Prospect Hill “to be driven back from the settler’s habitation by firing at them”.

1802

  1. Pemulwuy is shot by two settlers. Tedbury continues the resistance.

  2. Bungaree (Bungary) is the first Aboriginal person to circumnavigate Australia as a member of Matthew Flinders’ historic journey of exploration (1802-03). Bungaree is one of the very few Aboriginal people whose exploits have been documented in newspapers, journals and books of early colonial Sydney. Bungaree died in 1830 and was buried at Rose Bay, NSW.

  3. 8 April

    French Captain Nicholas Baudin and the English navigator Matthew Flinders meet at the South Australian border near Victor Harbor. Baudin had orders to study Aboriginal people for the new science of anthropology just founded in Paris. Many such drawings are now in a collection in Le Havre, France.

1803

  1. Tasmania is occupied by white people. The Black Wars of Tasmania last until 1830 and claim the lives of 600 Aboriginal people and more than 200 white settlers.

1804

  1. Most of the Cumberland Plain west of Sydney is occupied by colonists. The Eora people are being dispossessed of their land.

  2. 3 May

    William Moree, a lieutenant of the New South Wales Rum Corps, orders to open fire at Risdon Cove, Tasmania, on a group of about 300 Aboriginal people who are probably hunting kangaroos. Between 30 and 60 Aboriginal people are killed. The Lieutenant tries to cover-up the incident, claiming only 3 had been shot. [1]

    Hostilities increase – the slaughter of Aboriginal people in Australia has begun. Settlers are authorised to shoot unarmed Aboriginal people. [2]

1810

  1. Aboriginal people begin to be moved onto mission stations where they can be taught European beliefs and used as cheap labour. Settlers try to control growth of the Aboriginal population with a policy of absorption.

1813

  1. 3 January

    Bennelong, aged 50, dies at Kissing Point, Putney, NSW, on the banks of the Parramatta River.

  2. May

    Colonists, assisted by Aboriginal people, cross the Blue Mountains and create new hostilities as they pass through Aboriginal lands. The path the colonists take is in fact a long-established Aboriginal route that had been in constant use for thousands of years.

    Blue Mountains at Echo Point
    Blue Mountains, New South Wales. The Blue Mountains were long a barrier to the new colony’s expansion to the west. They are about 100 kilometres west of Sydney.

1814

  1. Governor Macquarie opens a school for Aboriginal children at Parramatta called the ‘Native Institution’ to “civilise, educate and foster habits of industry and decency in the Aborigines”. The local Aboriginal people (Koori) remove their children from the school after they realise that its aim is to distance the children from their families and communities. The school closes in 1820.

1815

  1. Governor Macquarie founds the Native Institute as a school for Aboriginal children of both sexes.

  2. Remnants of the Broken Bay Aboriginal people are established on a reserve at George’s Head.

1816

  1. Attacks on farms by Aboriginal people on the edge of Sydney. Macquarie sends a punitive party to arrest ‘offenders’. They attack a camp near Appin at night and 14 Aboriginal people are killed including Carnabyagal.

  2. Passports or certificates are issued to Aboriginal people “who conduct themselves in a suitable manner”, to show they are officially accepted by Europeans.

References

View article sources (2)

[1] 'Blood On The Wattle', Bruce Elder, 2002 p.32f
[2] New South Wales Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Education & Training Directory, 1998, pp.8-9

Harvard citation

Korff, J 2019, Timeline results for , <https://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/timeline/searchResults?page=2>, retrieved 24 May 2019

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